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Saturday, January 19, 2013

Hari Sarvothama Vayu Jeevothama

|| Hari Sarvottama ||
• Lord Vishnu is the all-pervasive Lord who is the maintainer of the universe and the complete cosmic creation.
• He is also called Narayana, which means the shelter, resting place or ultimate goal of all living entities. It also means the one whose abode is the causal waters (Karana Ocean), and one who lives in the hearts of all living beings.
• He is also called Hari, or one who removes the darkness of illusion. This illusion ultimately means the idea that the living beings live separate from, or without connection to, the Lord.
• Hari is the Deity worshipped in the Vedas and their scriptural adjuncts.
• He is the Supreme Lord, and is the only entity primarily praised in all true scriptures.
• Hari is the Lord, is the Cause, the Protector, and the Destroyer of all Creation known and unknown, and is responsible for all bondage and liberation.
• He is beyond the scope of all that is destructible and indestructible, and His worship is the purpose of one's existence.
• He is free of all flaw, and has an infinite number of good attributes.

According to Sri Madhwacharya, Vishnu is "worshippable by all (other) deities, and by everyone, to their best ability." Thus, other deities are worshiped only as iconic representatives of the Lord and not as independently authoritative figures. However, Mâdhvas believe that all deities except for Vishnu's eternal consort Lakshmi, are amukta-jîvas (un-liberated souls) performing service to Him.

Mâdhvas recognize a "târatamya" or divine hierarchy of deities after Vishnu, which is derived from shâstra sources, and said hierarchy is very important in considerations of worship, since each lesser deity is worshipped as the iconic representative of the next higher one (rûpam rûpam pratirûpo babhûva, as the Veda says), with the idea being that all worship is ultimately meant for Vishnu only.
Following is the hierarchy of Taratamya Devataas

1. Hari alias Vishnu (Sarvottama)
2. Mahalakshmi
3. Brahma and Vayu
4. Saraswathi (Brahma Pathni) and Bharathi (vayu Pathni)
5. Garuda, Shesha and Rudra
6. Krishna's shanmahishi's: Nila, Bhadra, Mitra Ninda, Kalandi, Lakshna, Jambavathi, tulasi
7. Swuparni (aruda Pathni), Varuni (Shesha Pathni) and Parvathi (Rudra Pathni)
8. Indra and Kama
9. Ahamkarika Prana
10. Daksha, Anirudda (Kamaputra), Rathi (Kamapathni), Swayumbhuva Manu, Bruhaspathi, shachi (Indra pathni)
11. Pravahavayu
12. Surya, Chandra, Yama and Shataroopa (Swayambhuva Manu pathni )
13. Varuna
14. Narada
15. Bhrugu, Agni and Prasoothadevi ( Daksha Pathni)
16. Sapta Rishi's, Prahlada and Vyvaswathamanu
17. Mitra, Niraruthi, Pravahidevi (Pravahavayu Pathni) and Tara (Bruhaspathi Pathni)
18. Vishyaksena, Ganapathi, Ashwini Devataas (Nasathya and Dhasra), Kubera and Shata Devataas.
19. Karmaja Devataas.
20. Parjanya, Gamga (Varuna Pathni), Samja (Surya Pathni), Rohini (Chandra Pathni), Viradusha (Anirudda Pathni), Shamala (Yama Pathni)
21. Kurmadhiankayatha Devathas
22. Svaha (Agni Pathni)
23. Budha
24. Devaki, Yasodha, Usha (Ashwini Devathas Pathni)
25. Shanaishchara, Dhara
26. Pushkara
27. Ajanaja Devataas
28. Chirapithru's
29. Deva Gamdharvas
30. Manushya Gamdharvas
31. Manushya Chakravathis
32. Manushyoththamas- nara's, bhuchara's, khechara's, krimi and thruna.

II Sri Veda Vyasa II
Vyasaya Vishnu Roopaya, Vyasa Roopaya Vishnave
Namo vai Brahma Nidaye, Vasishtaya Namo Namaha

5000 years ago, at Kalapriya nagari on the banks of the river Yamuna, there resided a fishermen community and their chief was 'Dasha', who used their boats to ferry people across the river. Satyavati Devi, was the foster daughter of fisherman Dasha .
One day Sage Parashara, son of sage Sakti, and grandson of Sage Vashishta, on his way to his ashram at Parashana approached fisherman Dasha and asked to be ferried across the river Yamuna. As Dasha was having his dinner he asked his daughter Satyavati to take the Sage to the other side of the river. As guided by the Almighty, Parasara with a view to marry Satyavati, got down along with her on an island in the river. Just then Sage Vashishta, Yagnavalkya and other sages arrived there and duly conducted the rites associated with marriage. Sri Veda vyasa manifested as a divine child to Satyavati by a mere touch of Parasara. This was no ordinary birth. Lord Sri Vedavyasa, blue in complexion and born in lineage of Sage Vashishta, came to be known as Vashishta Krishna. Having been born on an island, He is also known as Krishna Dwaipayana.
Brahma, Rudra and other gods in heaven rejoiced and celebrated the birth of Sri Vedavyasa, Jnana Avatar of Lord Vishnu. In Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya Sri Madhvacharya beautifully describes the first glimpse of divine Sri Vedavyasa.

Bala Veda Vyasa forced himself into maturity. He instantly grew from a child into a mature young adult by his sheer will of power. Sage Parashara and Satyavathi performed the upanayanam for Veda Vyasa. For having performed the upanayanam, Sri Veda Vyasa blessed his father Parashara with knowledge about Sri Narayana. He had fixed his mind on ascetism. Before leaving, Sri Veda Vyasa gave a boon to his parents by promising to appear before them when they desired to see him. Sri Veda Vyasa's ashram is at Badri in the Himalayas and still inconspicuously lives in Badri Ashram beyond the eyes and reach of mortals.

Sri Veda Vyasa Jayanti is celebrated on Vaishaka Shukla Trayodasi

Works of Sri Veda Vyasa (Source: http://srivedavyasa.org/)
Sri Veda Vyasa divided and re-arranged the Vedas into four Vedas. He taught the four Vedas to his four disciples(Rig Veda to Sage Paila, Yajur Veda to Sage Jaimini, Sama Veda to Sage Vaisampayana, Atharva veda to Sage Sumantu) and entrusted them to teach it to the world.
Sri Veda Vyasa composed the Brahma Sutras to render the correct import of the Vedas for the benefit of the competent souls. They are also called Vedanta Sutras, since they guide the enquiry about the true conclusion of all the Vedas. The Brahma Sutras are 564 and are divided into four chapters (adhyayas).
1.Samanvaya – explains how the Vedas construe the concept of Sri Hari
2. Avirodha – Which proves the futulity of the objections
3. Sadhana – which describes the means of seeing Sri Hari
4. Phala – which gives the results of seeing him.
Sri Veda Vyasa is the author of Puranas, the purpose of which is to take the essence of the Vedas to the common person. The eighteen main Puranas are as follows.
1.Vishnu Puranas – Vishnu Purana, Naradiya Purana, Srimad Bhagavatha Purana, Garuda Purana, Padma Purana and Varaha Purana

2. Brahma Puranas- Brahma Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Markandeya Purana, Bhavishya Purana, Vamana Purana

3. Shiva Purana – Matsya Purana, Kurma Purana, Linga Purana, Siva Purana, Skanda Purana and Agni Purana

There are eighteen Upa-Puranas which are as follows – Sanatkumara, Narasimha, Brihannaradiya, Sivarahasya, Durvasa, Kapila, Vamana, Bhargava, Varuna, Kalika, Samba, Nandi, Surya, Parasara, Vasishtha, Devi-Bhagavatha, Ganesa and Hamsa.
Sri Veda Vyasa is also the author of Vishnu Sahasranama (thousand name of Vishnu) and the great epic Mahabharatha was narrated by Sri Veda Vyasa and scribed by Lord Ganesha.

|| Vayu Jevothama ||
Vayu is the life – "praana" for the entire creation. Without "Praana" life will become stand still. The existence of a person is due to "Praana Shakthi". Vayu Deva is unequaled in knowledge (Tatwajnana), Hari bhakti, Dhairya (firmness), Sthairya (Steadiness), Parakrama(valour), Vega (switness), Laaghava (brevity), Panditya (scholarship), Patutwa (skill proficiency), Prabhutwa (Lordship), Shooratwa (Heroism, Valour) as well as bhala (strength). Therefore he is no doubt the energiser of this entire creation.
Prathamo Hanuman Nama Dwitheeyo Bheema Eva cha
| Poornapragna Treetiya thu Bhagavat Karya- saadah ||
The first Avatar of Sri Vayu is Hanumantha. His wonderful feats and service to Rama Devaru are described in RAMAYANA.
The second Avatar is Sri Bhimasena, in Dwapara Yuga, Sri Vayu Deva appeared as Bhimasena and played the most important part in the destruction of the enemies of God.
Thus, he served God as Hanuma in Ramayana, as Bhima in Krishnavatara and as Madhwa, served Lord Vedavyasa Devaru. He is the greatest spiritual benefactor of mankind.

The Philosophy of Sri Madhwacharya is simple, easy and very convincing vedanta, called "Dvaita or Tattva-vada". To quote Sri Madhwacharya from his 'VishNu-tattva-vinirNaya'

jiiveshvara bhidA chaiva jaDeshvara bhidA tathA |
jiiva-bhedo mithashchaiva jaDa-jiiva-bhidA tathA |
mithashcha jaDa-bhedo.ayam prapaJNcho bheda-pa.nchakaH ||
The difference between the jîva (soul) and Îshvara (Creator)
the difference between jaDa (insentient) and Îshvara
the difference between various jîvas
the difference between jaDa and jîva
the difference between various jades
these five differences make up the universe."
Madhwa philosophy is summerised in the following sloka, attributed to Sri Vyasa Tirtha :-

ಶ್ರೀಮನ್ಮಧ್ವಮತೇ ಹರಿಃ ಪರತರಃ ಸತ್ಯ೦ ಜಗತ್ ತತ್ತ್ವತೋ
ಭೇದೋ ಜೀವಗಣಾಃ ಹರೇರನುಚರಾಃ ನೀಚೊಚ್ಚಭಾವ೦ತತಾಃ |
ಮುಕ್ತಿರ್ನೈಜಸುಖಾನುಭೂತಿರಮಲಾ ಭಕ್ತಿಶ್ಚ ತತ್ಸಾಧನ೦
ಹ್ಯಕ್ಷಾದಿತ್ರಿತಯ೦ ಪ್ರಮಾಣಮಖಿಲಾಮ್ನಾಯೈಕವೇದ್ಯೋ ಹರಿಃ ||

Sriman Madhwa Mathe

1 . Harih para tarah - Hari is the Supreme Being.
2 . Satyam Jagat - The world is Real, not Mithya or illusion.
3 . Tatvato Bhedah - Difference is Real.
4 . Jeeva Gana Hare ranu charah - All the Jivas are Hari's Servants.
5 . Neecho cha bhavam gatah - with gradation among them.
6. Muktirnaija sukhanubhutih - Mukti is the enjoyment of (the soul's) innate bliss.
7. Amala Bhaktischa tat Sadhanam - pure bhakti is the means of attaining mukti.
8. Akshadi Tritayam pramanam - there are three sources to gain knowledge namely :-
a. Knowing things through "Eyes and other Indriya Prathyaksha",
b. knowing by inference, "Anumana" , and
c. By Shastras 'Agama". Tru Knowledge of the world can be gained by the above three means. It is "Tritayam".
9. Akhilamnaiyaika Vedyo Harih -Lord Sri Hari can be known by Amna (or, Veda) only.
This shloka contains in a nutshell, the essence Dwaita Philosophy.
Courtesy: Hari Vayu Guru


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